المنشورات العلمية

DMP IX: Summary Report on the Fourth Season of Excavations of the Burials and Identity team

Abstract The fourth season of the Burials and Identity component of the Desert Migrations Project in 2010 focused on completion of excavation work at two main cemeteries (TAG001 and TAG012) and smaller-scale sampling work at a number of nearby cemeteries. The investigation of a number of burials in a semi-nucleated escarpment cemetery TAG063 produced interesting new information on Proto-Urban Garamantian funerary rites, dating to the latter centuries bc. The excavations at TAG001 were extended to two areas of the cemetery characterised by different burial types to the stepped tombs that were excavated in 2009. A second type of fairly monumental burial was identified, but these had been heavily robbed and it was not possible to demonstrate conclusively that these pre-dated the stepped tombs. Most of the other burials excavated were simple shaft burials and were relatively sparsely furnished with imported goods, in comparison with the larger tombs, though quite a lot of organic material was identified (matting, wood, gourds, textiles and leather). At TAG012, a series of additional mudbrick tombs was emptied. All had been robbed, but pockets of the original fill and associated finds survived intact, yielding some interesting assemblages. The majority of these tombs appear to be Late Garamantian, though some contained artefacts from much earlier times
David Mattingly, Hafed Abduli, Hamza Aburgheba, Muftah Ahmed, Misbah Ali Ahmed Esmaia, Steve Baker, , (11-2010)
موقع الناشر

DMP X: Survey and Landscape Conservation Issues around the Tāqallit headland

Abstract Survey by the DMP Burials and Identity team around the Ta¯qallit headland in 2009–2010 has revealed in exceptional detail a well-preserved Garamantian landscape, comprising extensive cemeteries, foggara irrigation systems and numerous oasis settlements. However, this remarkable survival of the Garamantian landscape was found in 2010 to be under direct and imminent threat of destruction. This report describes the landscape features recorded and the steps taken to try to preserve the evidence from obliteration in the face of modern agricultural development. Important new information was recorded about the date and furnishing of some key types of Proto-Urban tombs, linking with a refined view of the relationship of these cemeteries to contemporary foggara construction and the creation of pioneer farming settlement in the Ta¯qallit region. Significant additional details of the foggara systems were recorded through a combination of satellite image interpretation, surface observation and selective descent into rock-cut shafts. The discovery of an unexpected number of ancient settlements and structures of Garamantian date represents another major achievement of the work. The composite picture of the Garamantian landscape encompassing cemeteries, foggaras and settlements is arguably the most complete yet recorded in the FP/DMP work.
David Mattingly, Salah al-Aghab, Muftah Ahmed, Farès Moussa, Martin Sterry and Andrew Wilson, (11-2010)
موقع الناشر

DMP X: Survey and Landscape Conservation Issues around the Tāqallit headland

Abstract Survey by the DMP Burials and Identity team around the Ta¯qallit headland in 2009–2010 has revealed in exceptional detail a well-preserved Garamantian landscape, comprising extensive cemeteries, foggara irrigation systems and numerous oasis settlements. However, this remarkable survival of the Garamantian landscape was found in 2010 to be under direct and imminent threat of destruction. This report describes the landscape features recorded and the steps taken to try to preserve the evidence from obliteration in the face of modern agricultural development. Important new information was recorded about the date and furnishing of some key types of Proto-Urban tombs, linking with a refined view of the relationship of these cemeteries to contemporary foggara construction and the creation of pioneer farming settlement in the Ta¯qallit region. Significant additional details of the foggara systems were recorded through a combination of satellite image interpretation, surface observation and selective descent into rock-cut shafts. The discovery of an unexpected number of ancient settlements and structures of Garamantian date represents another major achievement of the work. The composite picture of the Garamantian landscape encompassing cemeteries, foggaras and settlements is arguably the most complete yet recorded in the FP/DMP work.
David Mattingly, Salah al-Aghab, Muftah Ahmed, Farès Moussa, Martin Sterry and Andrew Wilson, (11-2010)
موقع الناشر

النص المفهوم والمصطلح وعلاقته بالجملة

يبرز هذا البحث التعريفات المتعددة للنص وعلاقة النص بالجملة
ebrahem mohammed abdallah muftah, (3-2010)

النص المفهوم والمصطلح وعلاقته بالجملة

يبرز هذا البحث التعريفات المتعددة للنص وعلاقة النص بالجملة
ebrahem mohammed abdallah muftah, (3-2010)

التماسك النصي في سورتي الفجر والبلد دراسة نصية

يهدف هذا البحث إلى بيان إسهام الأدوات التي اقترحها علماء اللغة النصيون في تحقيق التماسك في كل سورة من السورتين على حدة وفي تماسكهما معاً
ebrahem mohammed abdallah muftah, (1-2010)

Genetic basis for alkaline activation of germination in Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (2009) MM Abdoarrahem, K Gammon, BN Dancer, C Berry Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75 (19), 6410-6413

Differences in activation between spores from strains of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis with and without the toxin-encoding plasmid pBtoxis are demonstrated. Following alkaline activation, the strain bearing pBtoxis shows a significantly greater germination rate. Expression of just three genes constituting a previously identified, putative ger operon from this plasmid is sufficient to produce the same phenotype and characterizes this operon as a genetic determinant of alkaline activation.
MM Abdoarrahem, (10-2009)
موقع الناشر

Noise Reduction from Video Using Linear and Nonlinear Filters

Abstract - Video and image processing is a form of signal processing where the input is an image, such as photographs or frames of video, and the output can be either an image or a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image. When a device such as a camera or scanner captures an image, the device sometimes adds extraneous noise to the image, or the noise may be added to the video or image during the transmission process from source to destination, this. Some types of noise can be simply removed, but most noise requires more involved filtering. this paper will compare reduction of noise from video using Finite impulse response filter and median filter in spatial domain.
Farag J Zbeda, (10-2009)